Back at you! defines reflection in a number of ways, the paramount two for my purposes are: The first is the act of reflecting, as in casting back a light or heat or mirroring, giving back or showing the image, The second, number 7 of their list, pertains to physics (not my strong point) or optics (I do wear glasses) which is the return of light, heat, sound, etc. after striking the surface.

This is important. It means nothing we see, say or feel is exactly as it is. In fact, things we see are inverted, the image comes to the eye upside down through a trick of the optic nerve and the brain reverses it so feet remain, well, on the ground. That’s quite a feat when you think that it happens in a millisecond (if that long) of time.

Even the phrase, ‘on reflection’ is nothing more than a classier way of shouting “Do Over.” Where is all this going? If nothing is as it seems, then what is? And how do we know what is, if our entire life is devoted to telling us what we think we isn’t? Anyone else remember the intro to the Patty Duke Show? Patty and Cathy are standing in a doorway making mirror image movements. When Patty lifted her left hand, Cathy lifted her right. The cousins, identical through they were, were reversed. They were reflections each doing What she saw, not what was actually done.

The simple act of reflecting has a greater consequence. Because what we experience is not the actual image, we are free to tailor it to our personal belief structure. A sharp edge here, no problem, our minds snip it off. A missing bit there, well, we’ll just add that. It works too, because on reflection, we are reporting not what actually happened, but how we experienced what happened. More often than not two very different things.

It’s this image of reflection/refraction that plays so well in real crime and in crime fiction. Studies have been done wherein a group of individuals is shown the exact same scene at the exact same time. Following the exposure (usually performed by trained actors), the witnesses write down what each has seen or heard. By the time all the witness statements are read, it’s nearly impossible to believe they witnessed the same event. The victim wore a red coat, not the assailant. The assailant had a red coat and heavy black gloves. He hit the victim five times. I’m sure I heard a shot. Yes, just before she fell. A shot. I’m sure of it. But on reflection, what you really saw was something far less macabre. You saw a man in a black coat bump a woman in a green coat and she fell to the floor yelling she had been robbed.

Your perception of the scene provided you with a reflection of what you saw strong enough that you could draw it. It just happens that what you drew may not be the right scene. Witness statements will always be a backbone of police work. If you can get enough witness statements to agree, or at least point in the right direction.

Witness statements, or any other kind of visual or aural statement are a boon for mystery writers. As our sleuth, or witnesses begin to reflect on exactly what he or she saw, the garden of misinformation is ripe for the planting of red herrings. Each one perfectly substantiated, each but one wrong. It is a perfect device borne of our very real human nature that nurtures our writing.

Have you ever been certain you saw something only to discover you had it wrong? Or has one of your characters ever been so convinced only to have to rely on his or her thoughts, on reflection?

I have, in both situations.

You can reach Kait Carson at Facebook, @twitter, or at Her books are available at bookstores everywhere and at



Author: kaitcarson

I write mysteries set in South Florida. The Hayden Kent series is set in the Florida Keys. Hayden is a SCUBA diving paralegal who keeps finding bodies. Underwater, no one can hear you scream! Catherine Swope is a Miami Realtor with a penchant for finding bodies in the darndest places. I live in an airpark in Fort Denaud, FL with my husband, five cats, and a flock of conures. And oh yes, a Piper Cherokee 6 in the hangar!

13 thoughts on “Back at you!”

  1. Kait, how very true. And what you remember immediately is often quite different than what you remember after some time has passed. Yes, quite a boon for mystery writers looking for a little misdirection!


  2. Kait, This is “heavy,” as we used to say back in the day. A novel is a reflection of how we see the world perhaps, not the actual world at all.


  3. Oh yes! I am reminded of a program my local Sisters in Crime chapter did many moons ago, where our guest speaker was a police officer. What our audience didn’t know was that we staged an incident that required police intervention. After it was revealed to the audience that the incident had been staged, the audience was invited to fill out witness statements. It was fascinating to see that everyone recalled the incident differently! We can definitely use such material in our fiction.


  4. My intellectual spin: this was demonstrated very well in a Seinfeld episode, where Jerry and George discuss their memory of a day in school when Jerry loaned George Tropic of Capricorn. Both of the characters had such strong memories of the events, neither version matched, and when they called in another person who was there, her recollections were a third version. Yes, reflections sure are a boon for mystery writers!


  5. I’m always fascinated how a twist on wording or events can really color a reader’s perspective. That’s probably the worst thing about trying to gauge how your writing will be perceived: the work is reflected totally different on the writer than on the reader!


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